Speech and Language Department in HHIRS

Helping hand relief and development organization has started an initiative to develop a well-equipped speech-language department in 2015. That involves

  • well-trained and certified speech and language pathologist
  • speech room equipped with all the required accessories
  • sound proof cabin for hearing impaired children
  • audiometer for screening of hearing
  • special sensory integration cabins for children with sensory issues


  • Oral motor therapy

Provide Oral motor therapy that works on the oral skills necessary for proper speech and feeding development.

  • Feeding and swallowing therapy

Helps people with a wide array of feeding and swallowing difficulties and to reduce aspiration, improve the ability to eat and swallow, and optimize nutritional status.

  • Voice therapy

Help individuals with variety of voice disorders, such as hoarseness, puberphonia, vocal nodules, and spasmodic dysphonia

  • Fluency therapy

Teach skills to manage stuttering and cluttering

  • Articulation therapy

Use strategies combined with oral motor therapy to help the difficult sound production.

  • Hearing Impairment

Teach individuals with hearing and post cochlear implants listening skills and sound production with auditory-verbal therapy.

  • Pre-school and School age language

Help to improve children’s receptive and expressive language disorders by incorporating fun activities and games while targeting language concepts

  • Rehabilitation from a brain injury or stroke

Use strategies to help improve problem solving, memory, reasoning and communication skills

  • Other services

Comprehensive rehabilitation services under one roof which includes Occupational therapy, Physical therapy, Orthotics and prosthetic services.

What is speech and language therapy?

Speech and language therapy provides treatment, support and care for children and adults who have difficulties with communication, or with eating, drinking and swallowing.

Specialists in Speech-Language Therapy

Speech-language pathologists (SLPs), often informally known as speech therapists, are professionals educated in the study of human communication, its development, and its disorders.

SLPs work to prevent, assess, diagnose, and treat speech, language, cognitive-communication, and oral/feeding/swallowing skills and to identify types of communication problems (articulation; fluency; voice; receptive and expressive language disorders, etc.)

Speech and language therapists (SLTs) are allied health professionals. They work with parents, caregivers and other professionals, such as teachers, nurses, occupational therapists and doctors.

Speech Disorders, Language Disorders, and Feeding Disorders

A speech disorder refers to a problem with the actual production of sounds. A language disorder refers to a problem understanding or putting words together to communicate ideas.

Speech disorders include:

  • Articulation disorders: difficulties producing sounds in syllables or saying words incorrectly to the point that listeners can’t understand what’s being said.
  • Fluency disorders: problems such as stuttering, in which the flow of speech is interrupted by abnormal stoppages, partial-word repetitions (“b-b-boy”), or prolonging sounds and syllables (sssssnake).
  • Resonance or voice disorders: problems with the pitch, volume, or quality of the voice that distract listeners from what’s being said. These types of disorders may also cause pain or discomfort for a child when speaking.

Language disorders can be either receptive or expressive:

  • Receptive disorders: difficulties understanding or processing language.
  • Expressive disorders: difficulty putting words together, limited vocabulary, or inability to use language in a socially appropriate way.
  • Cognitive-communication disorders: difficulty with communication skills that involve memory, attention, perception, organization, regulation, and problem solving.

Dysphagia/oral feeding disorders are disorders in the way someone eats or drinks, including problems with chewing, swallowing, coughing, gagging, and refusing foods.


In speech-language therapy, an SLP will work with a child one-on-one, in a small group, or directly in a classroom to overcome difficulties involved with a specific disorder.

Therapists use a variety of strategies, including:

  • Language intervention activities: The SLP will interact with a child by playing and talking, using pictures, books, objects, or ongoing events to stimulate language development. The therapist may also model correct vocabulary and grammar and use repetition exercises to build language skills.
  • Articulation therapy: Articulation, or sound production, exercises involve having the therapist model correct sounds and syllables in words and sentences for a child, often during play activities. The level of play is age-appropriate and related to the child’s specific needs. The SLP will physically show the child how to make certain sounds, such as the “r” sound, and may demonstrate how to move the tongue to produce specific sounds.
  • Oral-motor/feeding and swallowing therapy: The SLP may use a variety of oral exercises — including facial massage and various tongue, lip, and jaw exercises — to strengthen the muscles of the mouth for eating, drinking, and swallowing. The SLP may also introduce different food textures and temperatures to increase a child’s oral awareness during eating and swallowing.

When Is Therapy Needed?

Kids might need speech-language therapy for a variety of reasons, including, but not limited to:

  • hearing impairments
  • cognitive or other developmental delays
  • weak oral muscles
  • chronic hoarseness
  • birth defects such as cleft lip or cleft palate
  • autism
  • motor planning problems
  • articulation problems
  • fluency disorders
  • respiratory problems (breathing disorders)
  • feeding and swallowing disorders
  • traumatic brain injury
  • other behavioral problems that effects speech and language

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